(Note: These Lessons were originally designed as one-page Lessons. The Lessons which have "Matching" and/or "True or False," will fit one page when columns are appropriately formed and the font size is reduced. For the benefit of the teacher, the answers are given at the bottom of each lesson).
STUDYING THE BOOK OF GALATIANS
LESSON ONE: Galatians 1:1-10
1. Which three books of the New Testament are devoted to show that Christians are no longer justified by the Law of Moses?
2. Which one of these was included in Paul's purpose for his epistle to the Galatians?
a. To show that Jesus Christ was truly the Son of God.
b. To show that the church was the manifold wisdom of God.
c. To refute the false teaching concerning the second coming of Christ.
d. To keep them from apostasy and to give some personal exhortations.
3. What does the word "apostle" mean?
4. Why did Jesus give Himself up for our sins, as stated in Paul's salutation?
5. How did the Galatians show a lack of steadfastness?
6. Explain the phrase "...unto another gospel: which is not another..."
7. Verse 6 says they were "called into the grace of Christ." From at least one other passage in the N.T., show how we are called.
8. What are the consequences of leaving or perverting the gospel of Christ, and how does Paul emphasize his warning against perverting the gospel?
TRUE OR FALSE
1_____Paul argues that he was an apostle not from man but through man, and this shows how the revelation of Christ was given to us through inspired men.
2_____The word "apostle," as found in the N.T., is always applied to the twelve, and this shows that no one can be an apostle today.
3_____Verse three shows the equality of the Son with the Father in the giving of spiritual blessings.
4_____The death of Jesus was not voluntary, because the Jews purposely put Him to death.
5_____A good personal application of verse 4 is that we should never turn back to the world because this would be going against one of the purposes for which Christ gave Himself.
6_____Paul sharply rebuked the Galatians because they were so soon removed from the gospel and strictly charged them not to accept anything unless it came directly from an apostle or an angel from heaven.
7_____The word "anathema" or "accursed" shows the absolute disapproval of God on those who would teach a different gospel.
8_____Paul asked the questions in verse ten, to which he would expect us to answer in his favor, because his strong condemnation of those who were perverting the gospel in verses 8 and 9 demonstrate he wasn't a man-pleaser.
ANSWERS TO LESSON ONE:
QUESTIONS: 1. Rom. Gal. Heb.; 2. d; 3. Literally, "one sent"; 4. Gal. 1:4; 5. Gal. 1:6; 6. They were removing to a gospel of a different kind (Greek: "heteros," - another of a different sort) which was not another of the same kind (Greek: "allos," - another of the same sort) because it was perverted; 7. 2 Thess. 2:14; 2 Pet. 1:3-4; 8. One has the curse of God on him - he emphasizes his warning by repeating it.
TRUE OR FALSE: 1. False - vs. 1; 2. False - The word "apostle" is not always applied to the twelve; e.g., apostles of the churches, 2 Cor. 8:23; Phil. 2:25; 3. True; 4. False - John 10:17-18; 5. True; 6. False - Gal. 1:8-9; 7. True; 8. True.
LESSON TWO: Galatians 1:11-24
1. What does the word "conversation" mean in verse 13 of the King James Version?
2. For what particular purpose did God call Paul to preach, as is stated in our text?
3. What would you say was the reason Paul made the statement: "...Nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me..."?
4. Show how we can make a personal application of verse 24 to our own lives.
5. Why would you say verses 11-24 are recorded in the Bible?
TRUE OR FALSE
1_____Verses 13-24 are given to prove the statements made in verses 11-12.
2_____Paul said the gospel he preached was "not after man" which shows that it originated with no man, not even with Paul himself.
3_____Paul mentions a few things about his conversion to further emphasize that he didn't receive the gospel from men.
4_____Paul never was zealous for the Jew's religion, but he became exceedingly zealous for the religion of Christ.
5_____Verse 15 shows that God has a foreknowledge of what will take place.
6_____The expression "conferred not with flesh and blood" means that Paul didn't go through any of the rituals of the Old Law before starting his preaching.
7_____We know nothing concerning Paul's trip into Arabia from the first chapter of Galatians, or any other book of the N.T.
8_____Most likely Paul is showing in verse 18 that his gospel did not come to him from Jerusalem because he did not hasten to go there ("after three years"), and he did not stay there long enough ("fifteen days") to obtain his knowledge of it.
9_____According to our text, the churches of Judea heard that Paul was a persecutor in times past but now was preaching the faith which he once destroyed, and for this reason they glorified God in him and were glad they knew him face to face.
10____Probably Paul mentioned the things in verse 21 to show that, after visiting Jerusalem only a short time he didn't feel a lack of knowledge but went to localities far distant from it.
11____Most likely Paul mentioned verse 22 in order to show he should have been personally known to the churches of Judea if he lingered in Jerusalem long enough to acquire his knowledge of the gospel.
ANSWERS TO LESSON TWO:
QUESTIONS: 1. Conduct, behavior; 2. Gal. 1:16; 3. To show that his apostleship was independent of the twelve; 4. Live in such a way that others might glorify God because of us. 5. To show by his conversion and early ministry that his gospel came ot him independent of man.
TRUE OR FALSE: 1. True; 2. True; 3. True; 4. False - Gal. 1:14; 6. True; 6. False - He did not confer with any human being before starting his preaching; 7. True; 8. True; 9. False - Gal. 1:22; 10. True; 11. True
LESSON THREE: Galatians 2:1-10
1. What is Paul's purpose in writing this brief autobiography of his life?
2. Explain the phrase, "I went up by revelation..." in verse 2.
3. Paul states in verse 3 that Titus was not compelled to be circumcised. Why, then, did Paul have Timothy circumcised (Acts 16:3)?
4. Who were the ones mentioned in our text as having commended Paul to his mission among the Gentiles?
5. To what did Paul refer when he said they were trying to "bring us into bondage"?
6. How did Paul later demonstrate the truthfulness of what he said in verse 10b of the text?
TRUE OR FALSE
1_____In 2:1-10, instead of continuing his argument from chapter one to show the origin of his apostleship, Paul changes the subject entirely.
2_____Paul, having shown that his gospel was independent of those in Jerusalem (1:16-24), proceeds to prove that it was fully endorsed by them (2:1-10).
3_____Titus was a Gentile convert and it was good that Paul took him along on the trip to Jerusalem because he was a good example to test the question as to whether circumcision was required of such converts.
4_____The false teachers who were trying to bind portions of the Old Law must have been Jews and, therefore, couldn't have been considered as brethren.
5_____In accordance with this teaching in other passages concerning a weak brother, in the context of this passage, Paul yielded in some respects to these false teachers.
6_____A good personal application of 2:4 is that we, as Christians, need to always understand that just because we have a knowledge of the truth, it does not free us from the possibility of having false teachers within our group.
7_____We can draw the conclusion from 2:4 that if we are carried away by the false teaching of brethren, we lose our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus.
8_____A good personal application of 2:5 is that error or false teaching should never be left alone or go unnoticed if we want to continue to have the truth.
9____We learn from verse 6 that God accepts each man's person because He would have all men to be saved, and come to a knowledge of the truth.
10____The phrase "added nothing to me" means they gave nothing, imparted nothing; they made no corrections or additions to his gospel or to his teaching.
11____Paul mentioned 2:7 to show that instead of opposing him, they recognized that he had received a divine commission to preach the gospel among the Gentiles, just as Peter had among the Jews.
12____Verses 7 and 8 tell us that Peter was an apostle to the circumcision (the Jews) and we understand from this that Peter, during his ministry, nowhere preached to the Gentiles.
13____James, Cephas, and John gave the right hands of fellowship to Paul and Barnabas, which means they now had permission from these leaders (pillars) to go to the heathen.
14____This incident in 2:1-10 is probably the same meeting in Jerusalem as in Acts 15, and the difference between the two accounts is that Paul describes a private meeting he had with those of repute, whereas Luke describes the meeting with the entire group.
ANSWERS TO LESSON THREE:
QUESTIONS: 1. His gospel was fully endorsed by those in Jerusalem; 2. He was guided and instructed to go to Jerusalem by the Holy Spirit; 3. "Because of the Jews in that region" - so that Timothy would be readily accepted among the Jews; 4. James, Peter, and John; 5. Into bondage to error (circumcision and keeping the Law in order to be saved); 6. 1 Cor. 16:12; Rom. 15:25-26.
TRUE OR FALSE: 1. False; 2. True; 3. True; 4. False - Gal. 2:4; Acts 15:5; 5. False - Gal. 2:5; 6. True; 7. True; 8. True; 9. False; 10. True; 11. True; 12. False; 13. False; 14. True.
LESSON FOUR: Galatians 2:11-21
1. Why did Peter draw back and separate himself?
2. What was wrong with Peter's conduct?
3. Which other particular man was carried away with them? Explain why it seems strange for him to act this way.
4. What is the meaning of the word "dissimulation" (Gal. 2:13 KJV)?
5. State the reason why the Jews had faith in Christ, as found in the text.
6. What was the great weakness of the Mosical Law, as stated in our text?
7. How is the grace of God "made void" or "frustrated," as argued by Paul?
ANSWERS TO LESSON FOUR:
QUESTIONS: 1. "Fearing those of the circumcision" (Gal. 2:12); 2. It was hypocritical; 3. Barnabas - because of his work among the Gentiles; e.g., the first missionary tour; 4. Literally: "with" and "hypocrite" - "played the hypocrite with" (NKJV); "they were hypocritical together" (Nestle Aland Interlinear); 5. "That we might be justified by faith" (Gal. 2:16); 6. "For by the law no flesh shall be justified" (Gal. 2:16); 7. "If righteousness comes through the law, then Christ died in vain" (Gal. 2:21).
LESSON FIVE: Galatians 3:1-14
1. What answer would Paul expect the Galatians to give to his questions in verses 2 and 5?
2. Who are the sons of Abraham, according to our text?
3. What portion of the gospel did Abraham hear?
4. In verse 5, does the "he" refer to God, Paul, or some other?
5. Explain how those who are under the Law are under a curse.
6. How is one redeemed from this curse?
TRUE OR FALSE
1_____Paul, by his questions in verse 1, is showing that the Galatians should not have been bewitched since they were eyewitnesses of the crucifixion of Christ.
2_____Paul is indicating, by the question in verse 3, that a person is perfected in the flesh only after he has begun in the Spirit.
3_____By the phrase "suffered so many things in vain" in verse 4, Paul is arguing that if they come into bondage to the Old Law, the suffering of Christ would have been useless.
4_____The phrase "if indeed it was in vain" shows that Paul knows of the possibility that they might see the folly of their course and turn to God before they lose the reward of their sufferings.
5_____Abraham is a good example to show that one can receive the blessings of God through faith without the works of the Law.
6_____From verse 8 we learn that the gospel was preached to Abraham by the Scripture.
7_____The Gentiles are included when verses 8-9 speak of all nations being blessed.
8_____Verse 9 teaches that faith is the only thing that is required in order to be blessed with faithful Abraham, and thus teaches "faith only."
9_____Paul mentioned verse 10 to show that if one would make a sincere effort to do all the things written in the book of the Law, he would be justified; but without that strong effort he could never be justified by the works of the Law.
10____When Paul said, "the law is not of faith," he meant that faith was not an essential requirement under the Old Law.
11____When Paul said, "the law is not of faith," he meant that the Law did not provide justification by faith.
12____In verse 13 Christ is said to have redeemed us from the curse of the Law, and this means we are no longer under law of any type.
13____Through Christ a man is redeemed from the curse of the Law; therefore, it is foolish for him to want to go back under it or any part of it.
14____When it says Christ was "made a curse for us," it is talking about His crucifixion, and is another way of saying that Christ suffered in our place for our sins.
15____The Old Law pronounced a curse upon the sinner, yet it was through that Law that we receive and enjoy the blessings promised through the seed of Abraham.
16____The Law of Moses was not given as a system of justification, but was given that we might receive the promise of the Spirit.
ANSWERS TO LESSON FIVE:
QUESTIONS: 1. By the hearing of faith; 2. Gal. 3:7; 3. Gal. 3:8; 4. Probably God; 5. They had to continue in all things written in the book of the Law; 6. Gal. 3:13.
TRUE OR FALSE: 1. False - "portrayed," "set forth"; 2. False - He was showing they were wrong in trying to perfect their salvation by fleshly means; 3. False - their own sufferings would have been useless; 4. True - Paul hopes they will repent and not lose the reward of their sufferings (Matt. 5:11-12); 5. True; 6. True; 7. True; 8. False; 9. False - Gal. 3:10; 10. False - Gal. 3:12 - It was not primarily of faith, but of works; 11. True; 12. False; 13. True; 14. True; 15. False - Gal. 3:14; 16. False - Gal. 3:14.
LESSON SIX: Galatians 3:15-22
1. What were the "promises" (3:16,21) that God made to Abraham?
2. According to the text, how many years was the covenant confirmed before the Israelites were at Mount Sinai where they received the Law?
3. In verse 17, does "the covenant" refer to the one God made with Abraham, or to the one God made with the Israelites?
4. According to our text, what was the purpose of the Law?
5. In verse 19, was it the promise or the Law that was ordained through angels?
6. For what reason had the Scripture "concluded" (KJV) or "shut up" (ASV) all under sin, as stated in verse 22?
TRUE OR FALSE
1_____In verse 15, Paul draws an illustration from the common dealings of men.
2_____Paul is arguing in 15-17 that if an agreement of man cannot be disannulled, surely the promise of God cannot be set aside because of the Law.
3_____According to verse 16, when God spoke to Abraham in Genesis 22:18 and said, "And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed," he was referring to Christ - all nations would be blessed through Him.
4_____The Law was to remain until the seed should come; but after it came, men could start receiving the promises that were to come as result of the Law.
5_____Paul is showing in verse 17 that the promises came after the Law, but this does not by any means disannul or make them of none effect.
6_____In verse 18, Paul is showing that the inheritance comes through the Law, whereas the Abrahamic blessing comes through God's promise to Abraham.
7_____The Law would disannul the promise if the blessings were obtained through it.
8_____According to verse 18, inheritance cannot be by Law and also by promise, and God settled the matter once and for all when He granted that it should be by promise.
9_____In verses 15-18, Paul is showing the Galatians that they should not go back to the Old Law because the blessings promised to Abraham, which were to come on all nations, do not come through it.
10____The phrase "added because of transgressions" is showing the weakness of the Law because, instead of restraining or hampering transgressions, it only added more, or caused more, transgressions to take place.
11____Verse 19b shows that the Law as only temporary; however, 19c shows the importance of the Law by pointing out how it was superior to the promise because it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
12____The phrase "a mediator does not mediate for one only" means there is not an intermediary where there is only one.
13____Verses 19c and 20 are most likely built on the contrast of the giving of the Law with the giving of the promise.
14____In the last part of verse 21, Paul said, "righteousness should have been by the law" (KJV), which clearly shows that righteousness should have been by the Law and not by the promise.
15____In verses 19-22, Paul is showing the Galatians the design of the Law in order that they might understand its purpose and not come into, or be in bondage to, it.
ANSWERS TO LESSON SIX:
QUESTIONS: 1. Gen. 12:3; 18:18; 22:18; 2. 430 years - vs. 17; 3. The one God made with Abraham; 4. "It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come..."; 5. The Law; 6. "That the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe."
TRUE OR FALSE: 1. True; 2. True; 3. True; 4. False - The promise did not come as result of the Law; 5. False - The Law which came after the promise could not make the promise of no effect; 6. False - The inheritance and the Abrahamic blessings are the same; 7. True; 8. True; 9. True; 10. False - It was added on account of transgression, not to cause more transgressions to take place; 11. False - The Law had a mediator, whereas the promise came directly from God; 12. True; 13. True; 14. False; 15. True.
LESSON SEVEN: Galatians 3:23-4:7
MULTIPLE CHOICE (Choose the one that is most nearly correct).
1_____The Law serves as:
(a) a means of escape for those who were under sin; (b) a schoolmaster to show that the advantages of birth do not secure the promise to Abraham; (c) a schoolmaster to prepare the Jews for the acceptance of Christ; (d) a means to keep the Jews under the faith which was afterwards revealed.
2_____According to our text, baptized believers are the ones who are:
(a) under a tutor or schoolmaster; (b) in bondage under the elements of the world; (c) not adopted sons; (d) not Abraham's sons; (e) none of these.
3_____According to our text, baptized believers are the ones who are:
(a) in Christ; (b) not in bondage; (c) heirs of God; (d) no more servants; (e) all of the above.
4_____According to verses 1 and 2, the rightful heir:
(a) does not differ from the servant though the servant be lord of all; (b) though lord of all, does not differ from a child as long as he is a servant; (c) is different from the servant until the time appointed of the father; (d) though lord of all, does not differ from a servant as long as he is a child; (e) assumes all rights and privileges at birth.
5_____The word "redeem" (4:4) means:
(a) purchase; (b) buying back; (c) selling again; (d) reconciling; (e) exchanging.
6_____The word "Abba" (4:6) means:
(a) Reverend; (b) Rabbi; (c) Father; (d) Holy; (e) Merciful.
7_____Which one of these thoughts was not introduced to the Galatians?
(a) those in Christ are heirs through Him and therefore do not need the Law; (b) those who are full-grown are foolish to go back to a state of childhood; (c) Christ completely fulfilled the Law; (d) those who are under the Law are in bondage under the elements of the world; (e) those who could receive the Spirit of Christ and pray "Abba Father" have no reason to go back under the Law.
TRUE OR FALSE
1_____When verses 23 and 25 mention the word "faith," they are speaking of the faith which we have in our hearts, but verses 24 and 26 are speaking of the system of faith - the gospel.
2_____The expression, "the faith which should afterwards be revealed" (3:23 KJV) means if we do not accept the faith or the truth in this life, it will afterwards - after this life is over - be revealed to us when we face God in judgment.
3_____Verse 23 gives us the idea that the Law was used for a period of imprisonment, whereas verse 24 gives the idea that it was used for a period of preparation.
4_____Verse 25 is teaching that all of us today are under a schoolmaster until we have faith in our hearts, but once we have faith we are not longer under a schoolmaster.
5_____Verse 27 clearly shows that a person does not put on Christ until he is baptized.
6_____Verse 28 clearly shows that all religious people of every church are one in Christ.
7_____The advantages of birth, social positions, or human relationships do not secure the promise made to Abraham, but baptized believers are true descendants and are the heirs of the blessings promised to him and his seed.
8_____Paul stated verses 1 and 2 in order to make the argument in verses 3 through 5.
9_____The Law had kept the Jews in the state of children under age, whereas the faith had brought them into the position of full-grown sons.
10____According to verse 6, the Spirit of Christ is not sent to make us sons, but is sent after we become sons.
11____According to verse 7, we are servants and heirs through Christ.
ANSWERS TO LESSON SEVEN:
MULTIPLE CHOICE: 1. c; 2. e; 3. e; 4. d; 5. b; 6. c; 7. c.
TRUE OR FALSE: 1. False - the reverse of this is true; 2. False - the faith (the gospel) would afterwards (after the keeping under guard by the Law) be revealed; 3. True; 4. False - It refers to the Law and the time before the gospel; 5. True; 6. False - It refers to baptized believers; 7. True; 8. True; 9. True; 10. True; 11. False - Verse 7 teaches that we are no longer servants (slaves) but sons.
LESSON EIGHT: Galatians 4:8-20
1. Are verses 8-11 primarily addressed to the Gentile Christians or the Jewish Christians?
2. How did the Galatians first receive Paul?
3. What would the Galatians have done for Paul?
4. Define the word "blessedness" (KJV) or "gratulation" (ASV) in verse 15.
5. What would you say the false teachers were desiring to exclude (or "shout out") the Galatians from as stated in verse 17?
6. In what way was Paul calling the Galatians his children in verse 19?
TRUE OR FALSE
1_____In verses 10-11, Paul is rebuking the Galatians for observing days, months, times and years.
2_____Observing days such as Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, and Thanksgiving would be wrong because Paul condemned the Galatians for observing days.
3_____When Paul first preached to the Galatians they rejected his teaching, as they are doing now.
4_____Paul, instead of being confident, was afraid that his labors among them had been in vain.
5_____Verses 9-11 indicates that a Christian, though approved of God, can turn back to his former state and once again be disapproved.
6_____When Paul said, "for I am as ye are," he probably meant that his affection toward them was as theirs was toward him at the first.
7_____From verse 13, we learn that at one time Paul had some kind of infirmity of the flesh; from our text, we cannot be sure as to what his illness was.
8_____In verse 14, the Galatians were reminded that they were once treated as angels.
9_____Verses 12b-14 show that, instead of doing him wrong, they received him in spite of his illness.
10____The question in verse 15 shows that the Galatians had now changed.
11____A good personal application of verse 16 is to always tell the truth, because telling the truth never makes enemies.
12____Verse 15 shows that the Galatians weren't willing to sacrifice much.
13____If the Galatians considered Paul as their friend because he taught them the truth, they shouldn't now consider him as their enemy if he is still doing the same.
14____Verse 17 shows that the false teachers were not like Paul, but were motivated for purely selfish reasons.
15____Mutual affection between the teacher and the taught is desirable and good, that is, if it is there for the right purposes and motives.
16____"Not only when I am present with you" gives us the idea that Paul wishes they would have had the same affection toward him on his first visit as they are now having.
17____"I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you" shows that the very pain and anguish the apostle endured in bringing the churches of Galatia into existence, he is again suffering because of their present failures.
18____The expression, "to change my voice" means, while being there, he could change his tone according to their attitude.
ANSWERS TO LESSON EIGHT:
QUESTIONS: 1. Gentiles; 2. Graciously, readily, favorably - as an angel of God, even as Christ Jesus; 3. Vs. 15b; 4. Literally, "the congratulation of yourselves"; "fortunateness of you" (Nestle-Aland Interlinear); 5. Justification in Christ and fellowship of the faithful; 6. Spiritually.
TRUE OR FALSE: 1. True; 2. False - They were binding them for justification; 3. False - vs. 14-15; 4. True - vs. 11; 5. True; 6. True; 7. True; 8. False; 9. True; 10. True; 11. False; 12. False; 13. True; 14. True; 15. True; 16. False - the reverse is true; 17. True; 18. True.
LESSON NINE: Galatians 4:21-5:1
1_____Abraham (vs. 22)
2_____Son of the bondwoman (vs. 23, 30)
3_____Son of the freewoman (vs. 23, 30)
4_____Allegory or symbolic (vs. 24)
5_____The two women (vs. 24)
6_____Hagar (vs. 25)
7_____Rejoice (vs. 27)
8_____The desolate (vs. 27)
9_____Brethren (vs. 28)
10____What the Scripture said (vs. 30)
11____Christ (vs. 1)
12____Liberty (vs. 1)
13____Bondage (vs. 1)
a. Had the husband, but didn't have any children.
b. Is mount Sinai in Arabia.
c. Are as Isaac was.
d. Had two sons.
e. Donot persecute Sarah's son.
f. Did not inherit with the son of the freewoman and was born after the flesh.
g. Represents the promise and the Law.
h. Is born through the Law.
i. Had more children than she who had the husband.
j. Is the heavenly Jerusalem.
k. Is contained in the things concerning the two sons of Abraham.
l. Has made us free.
m. Is what the barren was to do.
n. Answers to the Jerusalem that shall be.
o. Is what the children of the bondwoman were not doing.
p. Cast out the bondwoman and her son.
q. Is what we are not to be entangle in.
r. Are two covenants.
s. Was born through promise.
t. Is what we are to stand fast in.
TRUE OR FALSE
1_____Abraham's two wives were Rachel and Leah.
2_____Abraham had two sons: Esau by the bondwoman, and Isaac by the freewoman.
3_____Sarah represents the Old Covenant and Hagar represents the New.
4_____We can reason from verse 25 that if Hagar answers to the Jerusalem that was, Sarah answers to the Jerusalem that now is.
5_____The children of the desolate are in bondage.
6_____Our mother is the free Jerusalem that is above.
7_____A Christian is a child of the freewoman and is like Isaac, a child of promise.
8_____The Galatians should not be entangled in a yoke of bondage because it would identify them with the children of bondage who were cast out, but should stand fast in the freedom they have in Christ because this identifies them with the children of promise who are the heirs.
9_____By a study of Paul's allegory we understand that the history of the Scriptures sometimes contains spiritual principles. These are ascertained, not by the play of the imagination, but by the rightful application of the doctrine of Scripture, or, in other words, by the Scriptures themselves.
10____Verse one of chapter five serves as an excellent application of verses 21-31 of the fourth chapter.
ANSWERS TO LESSON NINE:
MATCHING: 1. d; 2. f; 3. s; 4. k; 5. r; 6. b; 7. m; 8. i; 9. c; 10. p; 11. l; 12. t; 13. q.
TRUE OR FALSE: 1. False - Sarah and Hagar; 2. False - Ishamel by the bondwoman; 3. False - the reverse is true; 4, False - See vs, 25; 5. False - vs. 27 - Sarah is the desolate; 6. True - vs. 26; 7. True - vs. 26,28; 8. True; 9. True; 10. True.
LESSON TEN: Galatians 5:2-15
1. Please give other passages which show that a person can fall from grace.
2. What are the consequences of receiving circumcision?
3. How did Paul show or demonstrate to the Galatians that he wasn't preaching circumcision?
4. In verses 13-15, what should be the motivating source that determines how Christians act toward one another?
5. What is the "word" in which the whole Law is fulfilled?
6. What consequence might be encountered when brethren bite and devour one another? Define your answer and/or show what it means.
TRUE OR FALSE
1_____Verse 2 is teaching that Christ will profit them nothing if they receive circumcision as a means of justification.
2_____Verse 3 is teaching that a person should not receive circumcision, because this is the same as doing the whole Law.
3_____Verse 4 does not teach "once saved always saved" or "once in grace always in grace," but indicates the exact opposite.
4_____In verse 5, "the hope of righteousness" is probably referring to heaven where righteousness dwells.
5_____If circumcision has no value for Christians (severs them from Christ), it follows that uncircumcision is what is profitable for them.
6_____Faith without works is nothing (James 2:17), and faith without love is nothing (1 Cor. 13:2); it must be faith working through love (Gal. 5:6).
7_____Verse 7a shows that the Galatians had a good beginning, whereas the question in 7b shows they were now being disloyal to the truth.
8_____Paul's question in verse 7b is easy to answer; their change of attitude didn't come from God (vs. 8), but from the false teacher that was troubling them (vs. 9-10).
9_____Verse 9 indicates that the errors of one teacher are sufficient to corrupt a whole church.
10____Paul had confidence in the Galatians that they would not be of a different mind; but as to the false teacher, he was confident that he would answer for his wrong doing.
11____The expression "Then the offense of the cross has ceased" (vs. 11) means that when a person suffers persecution, his offense-whatever kept him from suffering or from taking up his cross and following Christ-is now removed.
12____The expression "Then the offense of the cross has ceased" (vs. 11) means that if Paul was still preaching circumcision, then the offense (stumbling-block) of the cross has ceased (for the Jews).
13____From verse 13, we see that being called for "liberty" means that we are under no restraints or directives of any kind.
14____If verses 13b and 14 are properly carried out, the problem mentioned in verse 15 would be eliminated and would never arise.
ANSWERS TO LESSON TEN:
QUESTIONS: 1. James 5:19-20; 2 Pet. 3:17; Heb. 3:12 - The best ones are those which in context show that it refers to
Christians; 2. 5:2 - "Christ will profit you nothing"; 5:3 - "He is a debtor to keep the whole law"; 3. He asked - vs. 11; the
stumbling-block (to the Jews) would have ceased; 4. "Love"; 5. "You shall love your neighbor as yourself" or "love"; 6.
"Beware lest you be consumed by one another."
TRUE OR FALSE: 1. True - As a means of justifications is understood in the context; 2. False - A person should not receive circumcision because he becomes a debtor to do the whole law; 3. True; 4. True; 5. False - vs. 6; 6. True; 7. True; 8. True; 9. True; 10. True; 11. False; 12. True; 13. False; 14. True.
LESSON ELEVEN: Galatians 5:16-26
(All words are from the King James Version).
a. An opinion, especially a self-willed opinion which is substituted for submission to the power of truth and leads to the formation of sects or parties.
b. Active good will toward others; unselfish concern that freely accepts another in loyalty and seeks his good.
c. Denotes a strong desire or craving; usually used in a bad sense in the Bible, but not always.
d. Similar to gentleness; a quiet and forbearing spirit that suffers wrong without resentfulness, but firm and yielding devotion to right.
e. Uprightness of heart and life; of good praiseworthy character.
f. Jealousies; ambitious or envious revelry; the hostile and envious attitude shown when others equal or excel; similar to envyings.
g. Patience and forbearance with the mistakes and wrongs which grow out of weakness; steadfastness and endurance.
h. The worship of a physical object as a god; an attachment or devotion to something in the place of the true God.
i. Similar to uncleanness; shameful indulgences in impurity; denotes licentiousness, absence of restraint, indecency, wantonness.
j. The physical side of man; it refers to the sensual, carnal, that which is controlled by the animal appetites.
k. Unity, tranquility, harmony; untroubled by conflict.
l. Drinking alcoholic beverages; drinking to intoxication.
m. Illicit sexual relations of married persons.
n. Grievings at the happiness of others; the feeling of displeasure produced by witnessing or hearing of the advantages or prosperity of others; similar to jealousies.
o. Passions, similar to lusts; used in the text to refer to sinful emotions and desires which must be crucified.
p. Enmities; suggests positive enmity which may be opened or concealed; it leads to the making of enemies, animosity.
q. Divisions, dissensions, similar to heresies; denotes dissension and discord to the point of causing others to depart.
r. Self control; the restraining of our passions and desires.
s. Faithfulness; fidelity; being trustworthy, reliable; the character of one on whom you can rely or trust.
t. Kindness, mildness; fair, moderate; not harsh or violent, but mild; similar to meekness.
u. Selfish ambitions, similar to seditions and heresies; seeking to win followers for selfish reasons; the party spirit marked by contentions.
v. Useless, empty boasting; excessive pride, especially in one's achievements; a vain display or show.
w. Uncontrolled anger, passion, usually with physical harm in mind; bitter resentment.
x. Similar to strife and seditions; fighting; discord; bitter, sometimes violent, conflict or dissension; outward conflict.
y. Sorcery; the employment of drugs in charms and enchantments; pretending to have magical powers.
z. Similar to lasciviousness; refers to unnatural practices; it covers a wide range of moral or physical impurities.
aa. Illicit sexual relations; sexual immorality; it includes illicit sexual relations of single or unmarried persons, adultery, homosexuality, etc.
bb. To rejoice; to be glad; the emotions excited by expectation of good; state of happiness, bliss.
cc. Used figuratively of works or deeds; it is those glorious things produced in our lives by the Spirit.
dd. Revelries; carrying to excess such things as feasting, drinking; a wild party or celebration accompanied by drunkenness.
ee. To unlawfully kill someone; unlawful killing of a person, especially when done with deliberation or premeditation.
ANSWERS TO LESSON ELEVEN:
MATCHING: 1.c; 2. j; 3. m; 4. aa; 5. z; 6. i; 7. h; 8. y; 9. p; 10. x; 11. f; 12. w; 13. u; 14. q; 15. a; 16. n; 17. ee; 18. l; 19. dd; 20. cc; 21. b; 22. bb; 23. k; 24. g; 25. t; 26. e; 27. s; 28. d; 29. r; 30. o; 31. v.
LESSON TWELVE: Galatians 6:1-10
1. Who is to restore the fallen, and in what spirit should it be done?
2. Explain how one is to bear the burdens of others (vs. 2), but "each one" is to bear his own burden (vs. 5).
3. What does verse 6 teach regarding the support of preachers and teachers?
4. What do verses 7 and 8 teach regarding sowing and reaping?
5. Verse ten is used by the "Liberals" to teach that the church has authority for "General Benevolence." How would you answer?
1_____Spiritual (vs. 1)
2_____Meekness (vs. 1)
3_____Restore (vs. 1)
4_____Burdens (vs. 2, 5)
5_____Examine (vs. 4)
6_____Share (vs. 6)
7_____Mocked (vs. 7)
8_____Corruption (vs. 8)
9_____Lose heart (vs. 9)
10____Opportunity (vs. 10)
a. Gentleness; being mild and kind, but yet austere, strict, and stern. It does not mean cowardly or weak.
b. There are three words in the original for this word: "boras" refers to weight as far as it is heavy; "ogkos" refers to bulk so far as it is distressing; and "phortion" a hard load of any kind with no reference to weight or bulk. The three words are so close in meaning that they are used as synonyms.
c. This is the word "koinoneo" (fellowship) in the original. It means to come into communion or fellowship with, to become a sharer or partner with.
d. To test, prove, or scrutinize to see whether a thing is genuine or not; e.g., as in testing metals; to recognize as genuine after examination, to approve, deem worthy.
e. To weaken, relax, grow weak or weary; to become faint-hearted. It is what one is not to do as commanded in our text.
f. Literally, "To turn up the nose at"; hence, to sneer at, scorn, or deride; to treat with ridicule or contempt.
g. Destruction or ruin; it refers to the destruction the wicked receive in this life and especially in the life to come.
h. Those who are under the guidance of the Spirit, and are walking in the Spirit.
i. This same word is often translated "time." It refers to a measure of time, a fixed and definite time, the time when things are brought to crisis, the decisive epoch waited for, opportune or seasonable time.
j. To strengthen, mend, perfect; to make one what he ought to be.
TRUE OR FALSE
1_____Verse 1 shows that Christians (the spiritual ones) are obligated to restore those who fall (those who are overtaken in a fault or trespass).
2_____We learn from verse 3 that people can be self-deceived.
3_____From verses 2 and 5, the Christian should bear his own load (or burden), but should also help to bear the burdens (or loads) of others; in others words, he bears his own burdens, not expecting nor relying on others to bear his load for him, but at the same time, he helps others.
4_____Verse 6 teaches the individual support of teachers; thus, churches should not only support preachers of the gospel, but individuals should, as well.
5_____From verses 7 and 8 we learn that God is not mocked; thus, one who thinks he can sow to the flesh and not reap evil consequences is only mocking God.
6_____Verse 9 gives us strong exhortation to continue to do good.
7_____Verse 10 is not referring to church responsibility but individual responsibility.
ANSWERS TO LESSON TWELVE:
QUESTIONS: 1. Gal. 6:1; 2. See true or false No. 3; See true or false No. 4. A metaphor showing that one reaps what he sows spiritually; 5. See chart No. 18 in "Bible Class Notes."
MATCHING: 1. h; 2. a; 3. j; 4. b; 5. d; 6. c; 7. f; 8. g; 9. e; 10. i.
TRUE OR FALSE: 1. True; 2. True; 3. True; 4. True; 5. True; 6. True; 7. True.
LESSON THIRTEEN - Galatians 6:11-18
1. What motive did some have for preaching circumcision?
2. In what did Paul glory as opposed to the false teachers?
3. From verse 15, what is involved in being a new creature (creation)?
4. What group of people are the "Israel of God"? Name some other "Jewish expressions" applied to Christians.
5. To what was Paul referring regarding "marks" in verse 17?
REVIEW QUESTIONS - Please answer these questions as a review of the book.
1. What are the three main divisions of the book of Galatians?
2. What happens to the one who preaches a different gospel?
3. In his defense of his apostleship and gospel, why did Paul mention that in his first trip to Jerusalem he remained fifteen days?
4. What was Paul's main point when he discussed his trip to Jerusalem after 14 years?
5. What was stated regarding the "curse" with reference to the Law?
6. What is given to us, as Paul said, "because you are sons"?
7. In the allegory of Sarah and Hagar, what do the two women represent?
8. From the fifth chapter, how do the Galatians show that one can fall from grace?
9. What was the requirement (condition) mentioned by Paul so that "you shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh"?
10. As we have opportunity, what should we do, as mentioned by Paul in chapter 6?
11. Since neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, what does avail?
12. Do you feel that a study of the book of Galatians has strengthened your faith?
ANSWERS TO LESSON THIRTEEN:
QUESTIONS: 1. To escape persecution; 2. "in your flesh"; "in the cross of Christ"; 3. A new creation by the new birth - John 3:5; Rom. 6:3-4; 2 Cor. 5:17; 4. See chart No. 12 in "Bible Class Notes"; 5. The physical marks in his body - 2 Cor. 11:24-25.
REVIEW QUESTIONS: 1. a. Paul defends his apostleship and gospel; b. The abrogation of the Law; c. Personal applications; 2. The curse of God rests on him; 3. It was not enough time to acquire his knowledge of the gospel; 4. He went to Jerusalem many hears after he had already preached; 5. Gal. 3:10,13; 6. The Spirit of His Son; 7. Sarah - the Jerusalem which is above; Hagar - the Jerusalem that now is; 8. Those who were attempting to be justified by the Law had fallen from grace; 9. "Walk in the Spirit - Gal. 5:16; 10. Gal. 6:10; 11. Gal. 5:6; 6:15; 1 Cor. 7:19; 12. Yes. I personally profited much from a study of the book.